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Mobile Warriors: How to Defend Yourself in Your Vehicle

by Dave Spaulding   |  August 20th, 2012 25


Americans are fairly predictable people. Our lifestyle requires a certainly level of predictability in that we travel back and forth between work and home. We spend our greatest amount of time at home, and if we are wise we try to make our home as secure as possible. After all, this is the one place where we should be able to safely enter Condition White as we sleep.

We spend a lot of time at work as well, and while we might not have the same ability to secure our workplace as our home, we can make use of situational awareness, coworkers, friends, familiarity with surroundings and layout, and if we have a private workspace, we also have the ability to place barriers between us and an intruder. Hopefully you have plotted avenues of escape if something threatening occurs as you will have little time to plot such life saving actions while in crisis.

Unless you live in a large urban area where mass transit is the primary method of transportation (a whole different threat situation), you likely travel to and from work in your automobile. In some cases, the commute is lengthy, and the time in vehicle can literally be measured in hours instead of minutes.

Since our vehicles are ours and we become intimately familiar due to time spent in them, it is easy to fall into a false sense of security while driving. Don’t do it! Your vehicle is anything but private; it is surrounded by windows that anyone can see through (think of the things you have seen other drivers do because they thought they were “alone”) and you are literally trapped in it by glass, metal and seatbelts.

If a crisis was thrust upon you, would you know how to quickly extract yourself from your vehicle? Have you ever practiced unlatching your seatbelt buckle? Can you do it by feel?


Yes, this is a gun magazine, but before you can deploy a gun, in such a confined environment you’re going to need determined hand to hand in order to bring your gun into play.

How about others in your vehicle? Can you get your children out of their car seats while the vehicle is upside down? I know—you carry a knife for such situations. But have you ever practiced deploying it upside down or while your hands are wet? Can you get it out of your pocket while seated?

Have you ever tried to cut a wet seatbelt strap? It’s tough, and I don’t care how sharp your blade is, which is why I like a few serrations on my blade so I can saw through, at least to start the cut.

When you rent or borrow a car, do you take time to note how the controls work for seatbelts, door locks and window openers? Do you at least take note of where they are so you don’t have to try to find them while under attack or after a crash?

Most people don’t plan to fail; they just fail to plan. Just like you have taken the time to “war game” an intrusion in your home or a crisis in your work place, it is wise to consider what you would do if attacked while in your vehicle.

Maybe “attack” is the wrong word (although it can happen); perhaps it should be “crisis” or “conflict” as any number of situations can require a rapid egress from your vehicle. However, this is a gun magazine, thus the central focus will be an attack while in your car, though the necessary mindset can work in any crisis situation.

I call this subject “car fighting” as it is succinct and to the point: We are going to fight in and around our vehicle. In the interest of simplicity, we are going to break down such conflict into two areas: inside and outside the vehicle.

Inside the vehicle is just that. Someone is attacking you while you are sitting in your car. It could be an attempted carjacking or someone riding with you (don’t pick up hitchhikers) turns on you and now you are fighting them off from behind the wheel.

Fighting in close confines requires a level of commitment beyond the norm because there is no opportunity to retreat. I once took a class from a champion martial artist who decided he was going to train military and law enforcement personnel in close-combat skills. Throughout the course this instructor kept repeating “this is the type of skill needed to fight in an elevator” as he demonstrated technique after technique that required way too much space.

How do I know? Because I have fought a determined assailant in an elevator and have an intimate understanding of what will and will not work when there is little room to maneuver and no place to retreat. I was working in the county jail bringing a serial killer (across several states) to the ground floor to see his attorney. Little did I know this inmate was going to try to use me as a hostage to break out of jail. Fortunately I recognized the threat cues, and when he launched his attack I was ready.

Nothing fancy will work in such close confines—no leg sweeps, arm bars, pressure points, joint manipulations or the like. What works when trapped in a closed box is anything that will instantly affect their ability to see and/or breathe. This means rapid, repeated strikes delivered piston-like to the face and neck: a face rack to the eyes; punch to the throat; an eye gouge; or a slap to the ears. These are effective in close confines and will work in a vehicle as well.

Make no mistake: In the cab of a motor vehicle, open-hand techniques will be required before any handgun can be brought into the fight, so be prepared for fast, vigorous hand-to-hand combat as the fight begins. If time and space can be created by explosive open-hand technique, a handgun can prove to be quite decisive in halting the attack.

How fast you can bring your pistol into the fight will depend on where it is located. If it is locked in a storage box or console (as some states require) forget it. The gun will not be a factor in the outcome, so keep fighting.


Seatbelts and their operation are going to be problematic. Don’t assume you’ll be able to handle everything: Practice so you’re sure you can.

If the gun is in a holster that’s readily available, then it will need to be brought into play in such a fashion it is not deflected or taken away. If you can get your seatbelt undone, do so—but do it in such a way it does not trap your arms.

I have had great success reaching across my body to hit the seatbelt button, though some disagree. My thought behind this is the seatbelt is less likely to become entangled in my arms. For example, if I am sitting in the driver’s seat and being attacked by either a passenger in the front seat or behind me, I am probably fighting them off with my right hand—thus my left is in a better position to reach over and release the seatbelt. If I am in the front passenger seat, the hand used would be just the opposite.

If I were in the driver’s seat and reached down with my right to release the button, the seatbelt could retract and trap my left arm as I turn toward the threat. That will not happen if I release it with my left and then pull it out and away before letting go.

If you are wearing your gun on your right side, the area where the gun, seatbelt and concealing garment all come together can become quite “busy.” You need to practice drawing from a concealed, seated position long before you must sort it out in conflict.

Is cross-draw the answer in a vehicle? I don’t know. Is it your regular mode of carry? Can you remember two draw locations in conflict? Only you can decide this. What I do know is this can be practiced through dry-firing; remember to do so with your upper torso turned in multiple directions. Practice with the gun pointing in these directions, noting where you need to hold the gun so your opponent won’t be able to grab it. And he will be trying to do so.

None of these positions will resemble what you practice on the range, and you might have to shoot through the seat with the gun oriented upside down, depending on where your attacker is once you start shooting. Shoot until the threat stops. This is no time to shoot two rounds and evaluate. Your attacker decides when the fight is over, and all you can do is help him arrive at that decision. A fight inside your vehicle needs to be over quickly and decisively—a few seconds at best. It is not a time to dither because you will tire quickly.

A threat that comes from outside the vehicle offers additional options. First and foremost, if the vehicle is not disabled, drive away. The front end of any motor vehicle offers far more foot-pounds of stopping power energy than any small-arm projectile.

If you need to shoot through the windows do so. Keep in mind the side windows will respond differently than the rear window or windshield when struck. The side windows are designed to fragment on impact so flying glass is less likely to injure occupants in a crash. When shot, the window glass will break up and fall.

The windshield is designed to stay intact so the driver and front passenger are not decapitated on impact. When the windshield is shot, the rounds will punch through the safety glass—making a hole and cracking same. Trajectory deflection on close targets is minor, so aim as you normally would. Something to keep in mind is the glass shards that are produced by rounds entering the vehicle through the windows will fill the interior, fouling vision and cutting flesh.

If the car will not move, then you need to get away from it because it offers very little true cover. What about the engine block? While it is a solid piece of metal, it is not very wide or tall and requires close proximity to get behind—making it an easy position to shoot over or flank. However, it is a good place to take refuge while you chart your escape.

If you can determine which direction the incoming fire is coming from, exit the vehicle to the opposite side. Try to make yourself as small as possible while doing so. While the doors offer little cover, it is harder to zero in on you if you cannot be clearly seen, so get down.

That said, if doing so slows your escape considerably, it might be smarter to just move. As you fling the door open to make your escape, take a moment to stabilize it so the spring action of the door does not reclose it on an arm, leg or other body part—causing serious injury just when you need to be mobile.


Standard range training isn’t going to prepare you for the contortions required to engage an opponent. You can work through this via dry-fire.

Once out of the car, stay low and look through the windows to see if you can identify the threat. While windows are not cover, they might help mask your head coming up over the edge of the body, unlike trying to look over the trunk or hood. Move away from the vehicle in a quick, zigzag fashion, getting to the nearest piece of cover or concealment. Keep in mind very little in our society is true cover from a .30 caliber rifle so keep moving until you are truly out of the kill zone. Distance will always be your friend.

No article can truly cover everything you need to know about car fighting. If nothing else, I hope I have given you food for thought on how to make yourself a harder target when traveling in your motor vehicle. We all like our cars, and while it is certainly okay to feel comfortable while in them, we should never feel completely secure. When in your car, use your windows and mirrors to check your 360 often!

  • Julie Van Dyck

    combat in a confined space is also a good reason to be familiar with your weapon in either hand.

  • T.D. Honeycutt

    All good points. In my experience, No. 1 rule of driving in a car is: Have a car gun. This is a gun you can leave in the vehicle, or carry unobtrusively back and forth to your house at the end of the trip. It's there when you need it. If you're belted in and can't reach your holstered weapon, reach for the car gun.
    I prefer a revolver, because shooting one in a confined space eliminates hot, flying brass. I also prefer a short barrel – say 3 inches, so there's little to grab. I also didn't spend a lot of money on mine, just in case someone defeats the car locks and alarms.
    So, my car gun for quite some time has been a Smith & Wesson Model 65 with a 3-inch barrel. Extra HKS speedloaders, Bianchi speed strips, a Spyderco blade and a spare holster in a small Eagle Creek carry bag make for a combo that's good to go.

  • Laura

    I have a seat holster for my revolver. It is the kind that straps to the the seat from front to back and underneath back to the front . My gun rests right between my knees, out of sight but handy if needed.

    • Jeepers Creepers

      Laura that kind of set up is illegal in the state of Colorado. It has to be in plan sight if not in the glove box or hidden on your person. No CWP needed if your driving your car. Once you leave the car the weapon has to be in plan sight if you do not have an CWP. In Colorado Your car is just like your home. You do not need a CWP to have your firearm hidden on your body. But if an firearm is hidden any where else in the car but the glove box your in big trouble. I always put the firearm under the steering wheel column. It is in plan sight but most people can't see it. They think it is a hood release or something.

    • Alan_T

      Good choice Laura , plus you can transition your handgun from your seat holster to you on body carry easily .

    • Philip

      Laura, where did you get the "seat holster" and what company made it?

  • leo foss

    I carry 24/ 7 my Glock 27 with + 2 cup in my left side during driving at right side out of the car. and two model 22 +2 cups magazines with 17 bullets each…

  • Calibrator

    Wouldn't an ankle holster be ideal for in the car?

    • Alan_T

      Not really . You have steering wheel / steering wheel columns and seat belts to impede your draw , plus you have to raise your leg / pant leg , to get to it . And ankle holsters are feasible only for very small back up ( second ) guns , plus for most people they are uncomfortable after awhile .

      Of course there are no absolutes but , if you spend a great deal of time seated in a car , the best carry option for most people is probably a horizontal shoulder holster . That said , they are uncomfortable and hard / harder to conceal than other forms of carry and while standing / walking can be way too slow to draw from .

  • Mike Nastek

    Southnarc ( shivworks ) and VTAC have great courses covering this subject matter.

  • Alan_T

    I'd add that if you carry a . 360 ACP or 9 MM pistol and you use hardball ammo in it , you had damnwell better make sure the round can defeat auto glass beforehand ( some . 380's & 9's will only funtion reliably with hardball ) .

    . 380's and 9's are notoriious in full metal jacket for being deflected by the glass . Best solution is to use hollow points or some high tech round , like Powerball or Critical Duty .

  • Michael T.

    In New Mexico your car has the same rules as your house. I carry a S&W 4006 with frangible HP's. Nothing in the pickup will defeat these loads, will shoot through seats and glass. Then the attacker is hit by multipule pieces of lead. I alternate the frangibles with a good HP round in case I have to shoot through the car body. I disagree with Alan_T as my 9mm handloads will penetrate auto glass and the doors if need be. No one needs to know where I carry my car gun.

    • Wolvie


      Your 4006 (which is a .40 caliber handgun) is really good because you can handload really cool 9mm ammo?

      Well, my Jeep is really fast because my Corvette has a big engine.

    • SamF1911

      Unless you have really deep pockets and 25 years to life to spare I strongly advise you to read "Cases Where Handloads Caused Problems in Court" by Massad Ayoob.

      • Alan_T

        Sam , I kind of hope Michael / Matthew / Philip / Corin does get involved in shooting ( hopefully not fatally ) someone …….. that way the courts can relieve him of his material possessions and if we're lucky , get him off the streets .

        • SamF1911

          Alan I wouldn't be surprised if this person(s) has already had multiple run-ins with the law and has been on the radar for some time. His/her/it's luck will run out at some point.

  • Alan_T

    Michael ……. you do realize don't you that frangible bullets are usually made with powdered lead , compressed and held together with a binding agent , and that the term FRANGIBLE means that the bullet breaks apart on contact with any hard surface , including glass , THAT'S IT'S PURPOSE !

    Alternating hollow points and frangibles in an auto pistol is FOOLISH IN THE EXTREME because they will be at diverse velocities , causing your pistol's slide to cycle at different rates with each shot ., thus greatly causing the probability of failure to feed , failure to lock into battery or any one of a number of different types of jams !

    And Micheal …….. it's highly unlikely that ANY 9 MM HOLLOW POINT rounds of ANY BRAND will shoot through car bodies …….. because Micheal , the intended purpose of hollow points is to MUSHROOM and NOT PENETRATE !

    Lastly , using hand loads for self defense reasons is even MORE FOOLISH ! Don't believe me ? Wait until your in court trying to answer the lawyer about why you used hand loads …… good luck with THAT !

  • Michael T.

    Alan_T YOU don't realize that when a frangible bullet hits glass it just makes for a larger projectile at the ranges you find inside an automobile. I'm a Certified Gunsmith and there no FFF, FFE or short cycling of my guns.They will lock up cycling an empty hull. Yea if I was shooting 50 or mare Yards the point of impact would be different, again I refer to what this article was about, How to defend yourself IN your car. Guy I don't know where you got all your gun smarts but you really need to be re-educated. In this state they don't differentiate as to the ammo being store bought or handloaded.

    • Guest

      Your scarry stupid Michael T.

  • Wolvie

    Dear Michael T,
    (Or whatever sock-puppet account you happen to be using at the moment…)

    There is no way any competent gunsmith could possibly believe that frangible bullets would somehow become a bigger projectile after hitting a very hard surface such as automotive glass.

    There is no way any competent gunsmith could possibly believe that mixing up all different types of ammo in one magazine could be a good idea. Unless, of course, you are using a belt-fed machine gun with a 1 in 5 tracer loadout.

    There is no way any competent gunsmith could possibly believe that there are 165 and 180 grain 9mm bullets.

    There is no way any competent graduate with honors could possibly express themselves so poorly that their writings could be mistaken for someone with a 5th grade education.

    So, you are either incompetent or you are a liar (and still incompetent).

    But aside from those traits, your real colors showed through the minute your inaccuracies were challenged. It was then that you resorted to what could only be described as borderline racist and prejudiced comments, attempts at bullying, threats of violence and the proof that you are obviously someone who has a major problem keeping his temper. All these things illustrate prime examples of someone who should not have access to firearms.

    When you ultimately do something extremely idiotic in the near future, it is my sincerest hope that the investigators find your postings (as they do all the time in related cases). Then, I hope the prosecutor uses this to show your intent, mindset and overall lack of character. That will keep you away from other people for a while and away from firearms for even longer. And for that, we will all be grateful.

  • Jacob

    I wouldn't have noticed he changed his name but you're right

  • Bill

    Sounds like an old CB radio, talking tuff from a distance. I think you are both being childlike and I don't think I would want to meet either of you nor take your advise. Grow up men.

  • dylan_polk

    To all: Because the conversation on this story has devolved past the point of its original topic, I'm shutting the comments down.

    To those of you engaging in the childish arguments, name-calling, derailing the conversation and cursing, this will be your only warning. Repeat offenders will be banned.

    Dylan Polk
    IMO Social Media Editor

  • Guest

    Miceal T is nuts

  • Jacob

    I went and read it, sure sounds like the same person to me!

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